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Everything you need to know about how to use Atomo HIV Self Test and what to do with the result.

Instructions for Use (English)

The Atomo HIV Self Test is comprised of a paper test strip inside a plastic cartridge. The test is performed by placing a small drop of blood on the test strip and then applying drops of test fluid (diluent). When the test is completed, two lines can appear on the paper strip. The Control Line will only become visible if the test has been performed correctly. The Test Line will only become visible if the applied sample contains antibodies to HIV.

About your result
There are two types of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) called HIV-1 and HIV-2. If you are infected with either HIV-1 or HIV-2, your immune system will generate antibodies against either virus type. Atomo HIV Self Test is designed to detect these antibodies to determine if you are infected with either of the two virus types. The test can detect these antibodies in a human blood sample and the test can only be used once.

The test provides results in 15 minutes. If a positive result is detected, it must be confirmed using an alternate test performed by a health care professional, as this is a screening test only.

What is the “window period”?
It can take 6 to 12 weeks after being exposed to HIV before your body develops the antibodies that are used by this test to detect if you have HIV. This time is called the “window period”. If you take an HIV self test during the “window period” (in the first 3 months after being exposed to HIV), before your body has developed antibodies you may falsely test negative. If you believe you have been exposed to HIV, it is recommended to test again after the window period has passed and speak to a healthcare professional particularly if the negative result was not what you expected.

What happens if my test result is NEGATIVE?
First, it is important to know whether it has been over 3 months since your last risk event. If it has been over three months, and you used the test correctly, then you are likely to be HIV negative. If it has been less than 3 months since a risk event, you will need to repeat the test in 3 months. Remember this is a screening test, if you are unsure, seek advice, refer to the Care Card.
Important: Retest after 3 months.

What happens if my test result is POSITIVE?
Being HIV positive is a manageable condition and people living with HIV are now able to live long, active and healthy lives. An Atomo HIV Self Test is a screening test only, and getting a positive test result does not confirm that you have HIV.

If the test result is positive, you need to go for a follow up test at your closest health facility. The earlier a diagnosis is confirmed, the earlier you can start treatment if it is confirmed you have HIV. Refer to the Care Card included in the box or visit
www.atomohivtest.com for more information about how to get a follow up test.

Only your doctor or a healthcare professional can perform further evaluation and recommend what treatment is right for you. If you are diagnosed by a healthcare professional as HIV positive, you will be connected to counselling services and, dependent on your condition, may be put onto antiretroviral (ARV) treatment.

What happens if my test doesn’t work?
It means that the test was not performed correctly or something went wrong. You will need to repeat the test again with a new test device.

If you are unsure whether you’ve done the test correctly, go to your local clinic or healthcare professional for assistance.

I am worried I have been exposed to HIV in the last few days, what should I do?
You should visit your local HIV clinic or Accident and Emergency (A&E) department as soon as possible, no longer than 72 hours, as you may be able to access a course of medication called “PEP” (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis) to prevent you from becoming HIV positive (may not be available in all states or countries).

What is HIV?
“HIV” stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that targets the immune system and over time reduces the body’s ability to fight infection. HIV reproduces in the body and if left untreated, weakens the immune system and can lead to the body developing Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Although there is no cure for AIDS or HIV, with the correct medical treatment and medication it can be managed as a chronic, but not life threatening, condition. Life expectancy for someone diagnosed with HIV today is similar to someone who does not have HIV, if they start treatment as soon as possible and remain on regular treatment.

What are the signs and symptoms of HIV?
The only way to know if you have HIV is to have an HIV test. It is very important to get tested to prevent passing on the virus to others without knowing.

How is HIV acquired or passed on?
HIV is present in bodily fluids such as blood, breast milk, semen, anal mucous and vaginal fluids. Person to person transmission of HIV occurs when there is direct blood to blood contact with another person’s blood, semen, anal mucous or vaginal fluids who has HIV. The risk for passing on and acquiring HIV is increased in the presence of an untreated sexually transmitted infection (STI); e.g. chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and blood borne viruses such as hepatitis C. HIV can also be transferred to a newborn baby from an HIV positive mother during childbirth and while breastfeeding particularly in areas where prenatal screening for HIV is not offered.

What are Risk Events?
A “risk event” is an activity which may heighten your chance of exposure to HIV, such as:

  • Unprotected sex with someone who has HIV or whose HIV status is unknown.
  • Unprotected sex (vaginal or anal intercourse) with a number of partners.
  • Using unsterile needles or injecting equipment.

HIV is NOT transmitted by:

  • Casual contact (shaking hands, sharing a cup or clothing, etc).
  • Kissing.
  • Saliva or spitting.
  • Tears.
  • Sweat.
  • Air or water.

HIV infection can be prevented by:

  • Wearing a condom during vaginal or anal sex.
  • Talking to sexual partners about their testing history and their current HIV test status.
  • Encouraging sexual partners to get tested.
  • Using sterile needles or syringes.
  • Using Pre Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), a medication used to treat HIV positive people, taken by HIV negative people to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV (may not be available in all states or countries).
  • Using Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP), a course of HIV medication which, if started within 72 hours after a risk event, is believed to significantly reduce the chances of becoming infected (may not be available in all states or countries).

INFORMATION & HELP

The BeSure AIDS helpline offers advice and guidance by trained counsellors. They can also provide referrals to services close to you.

1190 (Mon–Fri, 9:00am–5:30pm)

Visit the website for information about HIV including follow up testing, prevention and care.

www.besure.co.ke

Maagizo ya Utumiaji (Kiswahili)

Kifaa cha kujipima mwenyewe kina kikaratasi ndani ya plastiki. Kipimo kinafanyika kwa kuweka tone la damu kwenye kikaratasi hicho cha kupimia na kusha kuweka matone ya kimiminika cha kupimia. Ukishapima, mistari miwili inaweza kutokea kwenye kikaratasi. Sehemu inayoonyesha matokeo itaonekana tu ikiwa kipimo kilifanywa kwa njia inayofaa. Mistari ya kipimo itaonekana tu ikiwa damu iliyowekwa ina kingamwili zinazozuia VVU.

Kuna aina mbili ya Virusi vya Ukimwi (VVU) ambavyo huitwa VVU-1 na VVU-2. Ikiwa utakuwa umeathiriwa na mojawapo ya aina ya virusi hivyo, mfumo wa kinga ya mwili wako itaunda kingamwili dhidi ya aina hiyo ya virusi. Kujipima mwenye VVU kumeandaliwa kwa njia ambayo inagundua kingamwili na kuonyesha ikiwa umeathiriwa na aina mojawapo ya virusi hivyo. Kipimo hiki kinaweza kugundua kingamwili hizo katika damu ya mwanadamu na unaweza kukitumia kupima mara moja tu.

Kipimo kitatoa matokeo baada ya dakika 15. Ikiwa matokeo ya kipimo chako yanaonyesha kwamba una VVU, yanaweza kuthibitishwa kwa kutumia njia ya badala ya kupima inayofanywa na wataalamu wa huduma ya afya, kwa kuwa hii ni huduma ya kuangalia tu.

Kipindi cha maambukizo ya VVU mpaka kipimo kinapoweza kutoa matokeo sahihi ni kipi?
Inachukua majuma 6 hadi 12 baada ya kuingia kwa VVU kabla ya mwili wako kuunda kingamwili ambazo zinatumika katika kipimo cha kugundua ikiwa una VVU. Wakati huo unaitwa “kipindi cha maambukizo ya VVU mpaka kipimo kinapoweza kutoa matokeo sahihi”. Ikiwa utajipima VVU katika kipindi hicho (miezi mitatu ya kwanza baada ya kuambukizwa VVU), kabla mwili wako haujaunda kingamwili utapata matokeo yasiyo sahihi kwamba huna VVU. Ikiwa unaamini umeambukizwa VVU, unashauriwa kupima tena baada ya kipindi hicho ambacho matokeo ya kipimo huenda yasiwe sahihi na uzungumze na mtaalamu wa huduma za afya hasa ikiwa hutarajii kupata matokeo yanayoonyesha kwamba huna VVU.

Ni jambo gani limetokea ikiwa matokeo ya kipimo yanaonyesha SINA VVU?
Kwanza hakikisha kwamba miezi mitatu imepita tangu wakati unapohisi uliambukizwa VVU. Ikiwa miezi mitatu imepita, na umefuata hatua za kipimo vizuri, Hivyo inawezekana usiwe na VVU. Ikiwa ulipima kabla ya miezi mitatu kupita mara tu ulipogundua kwamba umeambukizwa, unahitaji kurudia tena kupima inafika miezi mitatu. Kumbuka hiki ni kipimo cha kuangalia tu, ikiwa huna uhakika, omba ushauri, angalia Kadi ya Huduma. Jambo muhimu: Pima tena baada ya miezi mitatu.

Ni jambo gani limetokea ikiwa matokeo ya kipimo yanaonyesha NINA VVU?
Inawezekana kuisha ukiwa na VVU na sasa watu wanaweza kuishi na VVU kwa muda mrefu, wakiwa nguvu na maisha mazuri. Kipimo cha kujipima mwenyewe ni kipimo cha kuangalia tu na kipimo kuonyesha kwamba una VVU si uthibitisho wa kuwa na virusi hivyo.

Ikiwa kipimo kinaonyesha kwamba una VVU, unahitaji kupima tena afya yako katika kituo cha kutoa huduma za afya kilicho karibu nawe. Ukigundua mapema kwamba umeambukizwa, utaanza mapema matibabu kama imethibitishwa kwamba una VVU. Angalia Kadi ya Huduma ambayo inatia ndani sanduku au tembelea tovuti www.atomohivtest.com kwa ajili ya kupata habari zaidi kuhusu jinsi ya kuendelea kupima.

Ni daktari au mtaalamu wa huduma za afya pekee anaweza kufanya tathimini na kukushauri kuhusu matibabu yanayokufaa. Ikiwa umepimwa na mtaalamu wa huduma za afya na kugundua kwamba una VVU, unaweza kuunganishwa katika huduma ya kupewa ushauri na, ikitegemea hali yako, unaweza kuwekwa katika mpango wa kupewa dawa za antiretroviral (ARV).

Ni jambo gani limetokea ikiwa kipimo changu hakifanyi kazi?
Inamaanisha kwamba hukupima kwa njia zinazofaa au kuna jambo ambalo ulikosea. Unahitaji kuanza kupima upya na kifaa kingine cha kupimia.

Ikiwa huna uhakika kama ulipima kwa njia inayofaa, nenda zahanati iliyo karibu au kwa mtaalamu wa huduma za afya ili upate msaada.

Nina wasiwasi kwamba inawezekana nimeambukizwa VVU siku chache zilizopita, ninapaswa kufanya nini? Unapaswa kwenda kituo cha afya au kitengo cha Huduma za Dharura mapema iwezekanavyo, kabla ya saa 72, ambapo unaweza kupata huduma ya afya inayoitwa “PEP” (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis) itakayokulinda kutokana na VVU (Inawezekana huduma hii isipatikane kila nchi).

VVU ni nini?
VVU ni virusi vinavyosababisha upungufu wa kinga mwilini. Virusi hivi vinashambulia hasa mfumo wa kinga mwilini na baada ya muda vinadhoofisha uwezo wa mwili kupambana na magonjwa. VVU vinazaliana mwilini na kufanya isiwe rahisi kutibika, vinadhoofisha mfumo wa kinga mwilini na vinaweza kusababisha mwili upate ugonjwa Upungufu wa Kinga Mwilini (Ukimwi). Ingawa hakuna tiba kuondoa Ukimwi au VVU, lakini kupitia matibabu dawa yanaweza kuzuia usiwe ugonjwa sugu, na kuwa hali inayotishia uhai. Miaka ambazo mtu anaishi baada ya kugunduliwa kwamba ana VVU leo ni sawa na mtu asiye na VVU, ikiwa mtu huyo aliye na VVU atapata matibabu mapema na kutumia dawa kama alivyoagizwa.

Dalili za VVU ni zipi?
Njia moja tu ya kugundua kwamba una VVU ni kupima. Ni vizuri kupima ili kuepuka kuwaambukiza wengine bila kujua.

VVU inasambazwaje?
VVU inapatikana katika majimaji ya mwili kama vile kwenye damu, maziwa ya mama, shahawa, majimaji ya kwenye mkundu na majimaji ya kwenye uke. Maambukizi ya VVU yanaweza kutokea damu ya mtu mwenye VVU inapoingia kwenye mwili wa mtu asiye na VVU labda kupita kuwekewa damu ya mtu mwingine, kupitia shahawa, au majimaji ya mkundu au uke ya mtu mwenye VVU. Kuna uwezekano mkubwa sana kwa mtu mwenye magonjwa yanayopitishwa kingono kuambukizwa VVU, magonjwa hayo kama vile, chlamydia,kisonono, kaswende na magonjwa yanayobebwa na damu kama vile ugonjwa wa ini aina ya C. Mtoto mchanga anaweza kuambukizwa VVU kutoka kwa mama yake wakati wa kujifungua na wakati akinyonyeshwa hasa ikiwa ikiwa mama hakupata kinga mapema ya kuzuia maambukizi ya VVU kwa mtoto.
Matukio hatari ya kuambukizwa ni yapi?
“Matukio Hatari ya Kuambukizwa” ni mambo yote yanayoweza kuongeza nafasi ya kuambukizwa VVU, kama vile:

  • Kufanya ngono isiyo salama na mtu mwenye VVU au ambaye hujui kama ana VVU.
  • Kufanya ngono isiyo salama (ukeni au kwenye mkundu) na watu tofauti tofauti.
  • Kutumia sindano moja na mtu ambaye ana VVU.

VVU haiwezi kuambukizwa kwa:

  • Mambo kama vile (kushikana mikono, kutumia kikombe au nguo alizotumia mtu mwenye VVU, nk)
  • Kumbusu
  • Mate
  • Jasho
  • Machozi
  • Hewa au maji hayawezi kuambukiza VVU

Maambukizo ya VVU yanaweza kuepukwa kwa:

  • Kutumia kondomu unapofanya ngono.
  • Kumwuliza mtu unayetaka kufanya naye ngono kuhusu historia yake ya matokeo ya vipimo vya VVU kujua ikiwa sasa hana VVU.
  • Mtie moyo mwenzi wake mkapime VVU.
  • Usitumie sindano iliyotumiwa na mtu mwingine.
  • Tumia huduma ya Pre Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), huduma ya kumtibu mtu mwenye VVU, anayopewa mtu ambaye hana VVU ili kupunguza uwezekano wa kupata VVU. (Huduma hii inaweza isipatikane katika baadhi ya nchi)
  • Kutumia huduma ya Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP), ambayo ikiwa itatumiwa kabla ya kupita saa 72 baada ya kuhisi umeambukizwa, inaaminika kwamba inapunguza uwezekano wa kupata VVU. (Huduma hii inaweza isipatikane katika baadhi ya nchi)

HABARI NA MSAADA

Msaada kuhusu UKIMWI unaotolewa na BeSure unatoa ushauri na mwongozo kutoka kwa washauri waliohitimu. Pia watakuelekeza kwa huduma zilizo karibu nawe.

1190 (Jumatatu–Ijumaa, 3:00 asubuhi–11:30 jioni)

Tembelea tovuti ili upate habari kuhusu Ukimwi kutia ndani kupimwa ya ziada, kujikinga na utunzaji.

www.besure.co.ke